1991-1998 of release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Heating and ventilation
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. Coupling and half shafts
+ 9. Brake system
+ 10. Running gear
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
+ 13. Electrical circuitries
- 14. Useful tips
14.1. Several councils upon purchase of the car
14.2. The changed numbers
14.3. Purchase of the old car or mysterious set of figures and letters
14.4. Durability of the car
14.5. About parallelism of bridges of the car and trailer
14.6. Preparation of the car for winter
14.7. It is rather live, than is dead …
14.8. What needs to be known, changing oil
14.9. To owners of the diesel car
14:10. As the conditioner works and what to do if it failed
14:11. "Automatic machine"
14:13. Features of operation of the brake system
14:14. To understand why the shock-absorber is necessary, - try to do a bit of traveling without it …
14:16. Electric motor
Durability of the car in many respects depends on management style, and therefore today we will talk about how we go and as it is not necessary to go if, of course, there is desire to preserve both the car, and money.
Going on the car to work or to a business trip, try to count how many times you should use coupling, the transmission and brakes. So far the car as it should be, seldom to whom comes to mind to pay attention to how these or those governing bodies are used. Of course, it is simple to change, say, till time the erased brake shoes. And here it is already necessary to tinker with replacement of brake drums or disks. And it is absolutely difficult to cope with worn-out details of coupling or the transmission.
Nothing, of course, in the car is eternal. But if you, let us assume, unfairly often use coupling, maneuvering in a dense city stream, and do not remove a leg from a pedal, even standing on the traffic light, the put 80 thousand kilometers of a run the clutch plate will not serve, certainly. Its early replacement will not save situation: in line premature failure of plates of "basket" of coupling and the release bearing which from thoughtless operation of transmission simply "dries" and breaks "basket"...
The same can be told about the transmission. Most "patient" of domestic – the "Zhigulyovsk" transmission is capable "to otjezdit" both 150, and 200 thousand kilometers without repair. But the dashing management of it which is followed by breakthroughs of the lever from one situation in another long before term puts bronze synchronizers out of action. And it, though not the most difficult, but repair. Therefore patient drivers, changing transfers, use a technique "into three accounts", that is as if about themselves speak: "time, two, three" when translating the lever from one situation in another.
Somehow one my acquaintance complained about quality of details of steering of almost new "Zhiguli". Also was why to complain: the car did not run also thirty thousand, and the helmsman, say, a pendulum on wear approached critical line. It turned out that my acquaintance – the big fan under suitable conditions and speed to twirl by a steering-wheel as it is done sometimes on the cross-country terrain. These pirouettes on the road, maybe, and effectively look. But, as they say, in this world it is necessary to pay for everything. Including for harmless, at first sight, "tricks".
However, our "athletes" preferring to take quickly straight away should pay off not only the failing steering and ahead of schedule worn-out rubber. At such style of driving huge loading falls on a drive detail – the elastic coupling, bearings and crosspieces of the driveshaft, a clutch plate, not to mention the engine. No doubt, the modern cars equipped with motors can go some time as sports. But they are not intended for "sports" loadings if, of course, this is not about the "single" car.
What to do if there is nevertheless a need "to tear" the motor – to be chosen on the become limp road or to slip in sand or on ice? Skilled drivers know how to arrive in similar cases: they create the necessary conditions increasing its passability for the car. It is enough to lower a little tires of driving wheels to one atmosphere considerably to improve coupling of wheels with the surface of the dirt road. On the perdneprivodny car surpassing the car of classical configuration in passability, difficult sites of dirt roads overcome, moving a backing.
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